Lehigh Valley Transit Interurban Car 703-706-710
Straight Sided Chair Car


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To fulfill the need for a "universal car," Lehigh Valley Transit Division superintendents and officials of the Philadelphia & Western Railways conceived the design of cars 700-711, which were built by the Southern Car Company in 1916.

It appeared advisable to design a car which could be used equally well either in local or interurban services. Therefore, a detailed study was made of all existing conditions, such as clearances grades schedules, etc. and future needs were estimated as far as possible with the results that plans and specifications were drawn for a universal car of a double end, all-steel center entrance type car.

These cars operated local schedules on week days and as a third car in trains with two 800 series cars on weekends. They also operated in two car trains, but rarely in three car trains.

LVT cars operated over P&W tracks to be equipped for third rail operations. For current collections over the remainder of the line, they are equipped with Miller trolley shoes and the usual trolley poles.

The cars are mounted on Brill M.C.B.-2X trucks with 36 in. diameter wheels with a 3 1/2 in. thread and equipped with Westinghouse 547-A motors with ALM control and with Westinghouse straight and automatic air breaks schedule A.M.M. The miscellaneous equipment includes Tomlinson couplers, Rico anti-climbers, automatic ventilators and Horne double-acting hand brakes.

The car body is all steel with arch roof and all steel tee post with pan floor construction.

The interior of the car in one end is a large smoking compartment seating 13 with Hale & Kilburn Walkover seats. The cross seats in the rest of the car are the walkover type. In the center of the car are four longitudinal seats and there are three folding seats and one stationary seat at each end. In the opposite end of the car from the smoking section, and just behind the motorman's compartment, is located a toilet room.

LVT converted cars 703-706 & 710 from original central entrance structure to one man operation. Renovations included removal of central entrances, door rods, door wells and side destination sign. The center entrance was fitted with a floor, wide double lift sash window and steel sheets to form a straight side. The side destination sign space was enclosed with steel sheet, the coal stove replaced with electric heaters along the right side, the chimney and stove pipe covered and hand operated trap doors and steps (built around the pilot) were installed at platform entrances opposite the motorman cabs. Additionally, the walkover seats were replaced and a light grey linoleum floor was installed with a thin textile type center aisle. Register rods and straps were removed from ceiling boards. The register was removed from the smoker-coach wall and a window was installed in the upper half of the left side of the smoker-coach partition. A mirror was placed on the right side, facing the coach section. The smoking compartment, or observation section, and the lavatory remained in their original positions. Later, revolving plush chairs replaced the wicker chairs.
CAR 706
Renovations to car 706 included replacing walkover seats with twenty three stationary wicker chairs, eighteen in the main section and five in the smoking compartment, adorned with white LVT monogrammed head cloths and facing the aisle at a 45 Deg angle.
CARS 703 & 710
Equipment installed in Cars 703 and 710 differed slightly from Car 706, including revolving green plush chairs instead of wicker chairs, car length rod type baggage racks instead of the original double type and dome lights instead of holophane reflectors. The conductor's signal cord was relocated from the center ceiling location to a position above the right side windows.

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